Oscar History

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Nov 05 2014

The Honoraries: Jean-Claude Carrière,Part 2

Our 2014Honorary Oscar tributeseries continues with a two-part look at the long fascinating career of Jean-Claude Carrière.Here'sTimwith Part Two.

Yesterday,Amir did a wonderful job of introducing us to the supremely gifted and abnormally prolific Jean-Claude Carrière,focusing on his iconic collaboration with Luis Buñuel.As important as that work was for both men,it tells only a fraction of the tale.With nearly a hundred screenplays to his credit in a career that's still holding steady,54 years on,it's simply not possible to reduce the full scope of Carrière's contribution to cinema to his work just one collaborator.

And so we now turn to Carrière's writing in the years following Buñuel's death.Given the transgressive,ultra-modern nature of their films together,it's perhaps a bit surprising that Carrière's output from the ‘80s to the present would be dominated by prestigious literary adaptations and costume dramas - what could possibly be less transgressive than that?But just asBelle du jouris nothing like the usual late-‘60s erotic drama,so are Carrière's late-career period pieces only superficially akin to awards-bating fluff.1979'sThe Tin Drum,which he adapted alongside director Volker Schlöndorff and Franz Seitz,is one of the nerviest films about the psychology of Nazi-era Germany ever filmed.In the scenario he provided for Andrzej Wajda's 1983 French Revolution filmDanton,he built a foundation for an angry,vivid drama about the corruption of politics.These are confrontational films,even upsetting.

As the years progressed,Carrière perhaps mellowed,enough to pick up one final Oscar nomination for 1988'sThe Unbearable Lightness of Being,which he shared with that film's director,Philip Kaufman.Although even here,"mellowing"is a relative term.

(The Unbearable Lightiness of Being,Birth,andValmontafter the jump)

While its unimpeachable literary credentials,based on Milan Kundera's novel set during the Prague Spring of 1968,served as a cover for the skittish,conservative Academy of the late '80s to feel good about rewarding the writers for taming the daunting source material into something that could function as a narrative motion picture,Unbearable Lightnessis one of the most unapologetically grown-up films recognized by the Academy during that era.It is,once again,a script of blunt political engagement,mixed with a frankness about sexuality that never once shades into prurience.While it's obliged to soften the novel's dense philosophical underpinnings,even in a reduced form it's thick with thoughts about morality,the complexities of love and monogamy,and the transience and temporality of existence (the "unbearable lightness"of the title).

Without being so overtly radical in its structure or content as his last collaborations with Buñuel,Unbearable Lightnessis every bit their equal in its dissection of the mores of the European intellectual class.And Carrière and Kaufman's depiction of the crushing effect of political repression on sexual and intellectual freedom alike manages to explicitly politicize the material without turning it into a simple "Communism sucked!"message picture.

Indeed,while I don't pretend to prefer it to Carrière's best films with Buñuel,The Unbearable Lightness of Beingis arguably even more impressive an achievement in writing,since it manages to match those films' intellectual highs without transforming into an outright intellectual exercise.It's still,at heart,an audience-friendly character drama,one that gives ripe,full roles to Daniel Day-Lewis,Juliette Binoche,and Lena Olin to explore the wide range of dynamics of an unconventional sexual and romantic arrangement.By no means is it a generic crowd-pleaser,but it uses the form of mainstream prestige drama as a vehicle for digging into psychological and social relationships with the uncompromising directness of something more avant-garde.Easier to do that in a French production in the ‘60s and ‘70s than an American-financed film from the Reagan years,beyond a shadow of a doubt,and that Carrière was able to express themes which feel of a piece withThe Discreet Charm of the BourgeoisieandBelle du jourunder those circumstances is absolutely impressive.

This would by no means be his last artistic triumph - the year after,he collaborated with Milos Forman to make the underratedValmont,a spikier,snarkier,more Annette Bening'd version of the same source material as the same year'sDangerous Liaisons,and  in 2004,the 72-year-old co-wrote Jonathan Glazer'sBirth,a film which I do not have to justify to the readers of the Film Experience,亚博主页I am sure.But in the years followingThe Ubearable Lightness of Beinghe's never again had that kind of widespread,mainstream adulation again,and it is wonderful that the Academy is now taking the chance to honor all of the twists and turns of Carrière's life beyond the greatest hits.

Previously in The Honoraries:Maureen O'Hara,Hayao Miyazaki,andHarry Belafonte

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Reader Comments (9)

these two posts have been so educational for me.I just had no clue that BIRTH had a connection to BUNUEL classics until this honorary oscar was announced so it's nice to see the breadth of this career.

i really should watch UNBEARABLE LIGHTNESS again.I was probably way too young for it because i remember being scandalized by Lena Olin.

November 5,2014 | Registered CommenterNATHANIEL R

I've always preferred Valmont to DL.Feel it is closer to the book and play in tone and theme than the better known film.The book and Hampton's play are both so clear and clean in the characterizations while DL spent far too much time being obvious in a cartoonish sort of way,stopping just short of title cards to telegraph intentions rather than trusting the actors (and the material) to flesh out the roles.I liked both Close's and Benning's interpretations,but wonder if Close felt hampered by the direction and lack of subtlety in her script.Valmont had sophistication.DL did not.

November 5,2014 | Unregistered CommenterHenry

The Unbearable Lightness of Being is one of favorites - and the screenplay is an excellent distillation of source material that is heavier on philosophy than plot.Not easy to adapt.

November 5,2014 | Unregistered CommenterSuzanne

I agree.I also enjoyed these writings.

What a career!Carrière's filmography gives us this huge panoramic view of European cinema over the years,trends,directors...

November 5,2014 | Unregistered CommenterPeggy Sue

Yes,he is definitely one of those screenwriters who induce the "Oh,he wrote that too?"reaction.As far as writers go in any style,he is certainly one of the most prolific in activity.Truly impressive!

November 5,2014 | Unregistered CommenterMr.Goodbar

The Unbearable Lightness of Being is one of the best adaptations from a novel.I loved the book,but it has a structure and philisophic content that would defeat even a talented screenwriter.
I can only express my delight that the film captured the spirit of the novel,and the cast is supurb.
Thank you for your post,perhaps some readers will now take some time and discover some of these cinema gems.You are taking me back to my student days in the 70's and 80's when the world of European cinema opened up for me.Good times.

November 6,2014 | Unregistered CommenterLadyEdith

Thank you so much for these 2 posts.I definitely want to seek out some of these films.I can't believe I still haven't seen Birth!

But this confuses me: "the script is one of the best adaptations and most nuanced screenplays generally of 1980s English-language cinema."

Huh?Aren't we still talking about Birth?That was 2004,not the 1980's.Or did you mean one of the best adaptations and screenplays SINCE the 1980's?"

November 6,2014 | Unregistered CommenterDJDeeJay

dj -- i think Tim was talking about UNBEARABLE lightness there?

November 6,2014 | Unregistered CommenterNATHANIEL R

Nat - Ah,yes,now I get it.Thanks.

November 6,2014 | Unregistered CommenterDJDeeJay

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